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They are also extremely fragrant, particularly when burned, with frankincense giving off a sweet, citrusy scent and myrrh producing a piney, bitter odor. Furthermore, if you are well-versed in evolution, you would probably bristle at another adjective used again and again in the press to describe the species as "primitive." Exaggerated and misleading word choices aside, there are remarkable aspects to this discovery.(A is any species more closely related to modern humans than to modern chimpanzees.) So far, 1,550 fossil fragments have been described, representing at least fifteen individuals, ranging in age from newborn to elderly.Nearly every bone in the body is represented more than once, and the Berger team knows that there is much more to discover.

The chamber, dubbed the Denaledi Chamber ("chamber of stars"), is about 30 meters below the surface and accessible only via more than 80 meters of often extremely narrow passages.adaptive landscape: A graph of the average fitness of a population in relation to the frequencies of genotypes in it.Peaks on the landscape correspond to genotypic frequencies at which the average fitness is high, valleys to genotypic frequencies at which the average fitness is low. adaptive logic: A behavior has adaptive logic if it tends to increase the number of offspring that an individual contributes to the next and following generations.In 2003, scientists made a startling find in a remote cave on the Indonesian island of Flores: The skull and skeleton of an adult female hominin, a group consisting of modern humans and extinct human species, who stood only about a meter tall.That discovery sparked a fierce debate about whether the hominin—officially dubbed but often called the “hobbit”—was a separate species or a diseased modern human.