In order to compel American businesses and consumers to act in a manner that suits the federal government, various federal agencies have created mandates and energy-efficiency programs for vehicles, homes, manufacturing processes, appliances, and more since the 1970s.
Proponents of those programs argue that they save consumers and businesses money, reduce energy use, and reduce emissions.
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Through the DOE, the federal government is busying itself regulating how much energy the appliances Americans buy are allowed to use.
They ignore the fact that markets already incentivize Americans to be more energy efficient.
They further disregard consumer preferences as well as the unintended consequences and energy inefficiencies that mandates and subsidies cause.
directs The Heritage Foundation’s project to counter abuse of the criminal law, particularly at the federal level, as senior legal research fellow in the Center for Legal and Judicial Studies. The Obama administration’s Department of Energy has churned out a list of energy efficiency regulations before the next administration.
Vertically applied mandates are directed by a level of government at a single department or program.
At issue isn’t health or safety, or even unfair business practices.
Just since June, the DOE has set or initiated standards for dehumidifiers, ceiling fans, battery chargers, and wine coolers.
Beginning with the Civil Rights Act of 1957 and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as well as the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the United States federal government has designed laws that require state and local government spending to promote national goals.
During the 1970s, the national government promoted education, mental health, and environmental programs by implementing grant projects at a state and local level; the grants were so common that the federal assistance for these programs made up over a quarter of state and local budgets.